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Nor does it mean that all cultures are equally rich and deserve equal respect, that each of them is good for its members, or that they cannot be compared and critically muticulturalism. This does not mean that it is devoid of coherence and identity, but that its identity is plural, fluid and open. Parekh’s text was criticized from other cultural authors based on his opinions in the book. This undercuts the very basis of Afrocentrism, Eurocentrism, Indocentrism, Sinocentrism and other kinds of centrisms, all of which isolate the history of the culture concerned from that of others and credit its achievements to its own genius.
Many accused the text of having no real world use, and only theory to back it up. Cultural Multiculturalsim and Political Theory”. All it multicjlturalism is that no culture is wholly worthless, that it deserves at least some respect because of what it means to its members and the creative energy it displays, that no culture is perfect and has a right to impose itself on others, and that cultures are best changed from within.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. A multicultural society should not repeat the mistake of its monocultural counterpart by requiring that all its communities should become multicultural. There is little sign that we have even begun to grasp the enormity of the problem facing us, let alone explore ways of tackling it. Thanks to the wisdom of its founding fathers, and the judicious balance between unity and diversity embodied in the Indian Constitution, India has managed to persist for five decades as a territorially intact and moderately successful polity.
Since the dominant group generally welcomes neither, recognition is not given willingly as a gift or an act of grace.
Rethinking Multiculturalism: Cultural Diversity and Political Theory
This involves aprekh them equal rights of citizenship, a decent standard of living, and the opportunity to develop themselves and participate in and make their respective contributions to its collective life. If some groups in it wish to lead self-contained lives and avoid interaction with others, it should respect their choices so long as they meet the consensually derived basic conditions of the good life.
It creates and defines multiculturalism in the form of political theory as well as political practice in the modern era, being based on Parekh’s experience of Multiculturalism in British society as well as other areas around the world.
It must, therefore, value and cherish them all equally and reflect this in its structure, policies, conduct of public affairs, self-understanding and self-definition.
Rethinking Multiculturalism: Cultural Diversity and Political Theory – Wikipedia
The wisdom of a multicultural society consists in its ability to anticipate, minimize and manage such demands. M ulticultural societies in their current form are new to our age and throw up theoretical and political problems that have no parallel in history. This does not mean that they are determined by their culture in the sense of being unable to rise above its categories of thought and critically evaluate its values and system of meaning, but rather that they are deeply shaped by it, can overcome some but not all of its influences, and necessarily view the world from within a culture, be it the one they have inherited and uncritically accepted or reflectively revised or, in rare cases, one they have consciously adopted.
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Guided by such loyalty, they might criticise their form of government, institutions, policies, values, ethos and dominant self understanding in the strongest pareh terms if they think that these harm its survival and well-being. It does not involve commitment to common goals, for members of a community might deeply disagree about these, nor to a common view of its history which they may read very differently, nor multiculturalisn its form of government about which they might entertain very different views, nor to its dominant cultural ethos which some might strongly disapprove of.
The early s marked the emergence of the multicultural movement at first in Canada and Australia and then in the U. A culture cannot be at ease with differences outside it unless it is at ease with its own internal differences. A lthough equal citizenship is essential to fostering parekkh common sense of belonging, it is not enough.
And we remain equally sceptical of all attempts to present it as one whose origins lie within itself, as self-generating and sui generis, for we feel persuaded that all cultures are born out of interaction with and absorb the influences of others and are shaped by wider economic, political and other forces. The sense of belonging cannot be ethnic and based on shared cultural, ethnic and other characteristics, retbinking a multicultural society is too diverse for that, but must be political and based on a shared commitment to the political community.
Its central insights are three, each of which is sometimes misinterpreted by its advocates and needs to be carefully reformulated if it is to carry conviction.
Patriotism is not the monopoly of the conservatives, and the socialists, the radicals and the communists can be loyal to their community just as much as and even more than they are.
This is to misunderstand the dynamics of the process of recognition. The American Whites, for example, take a demeaning view of Blacks partly under the influence of the racist culture, partly because this helps them justify the prevailing system of domination, and partly because the deeply disadvantaged Blacks do multicupturalism exhibit some of the features that confirm White stereotypes.
From a multiculturalist perspective the good society cherishes the diversity of and encourages a creative dialogue between its different cultures and their moral visions. The political community therefore cannot expect its members to develop a sense of belonging to it unless it in turn belongs to them. And even so far as political life is concerned, they need to be interpreted and defined in the light of the wider culture and the unique history and political circumstances of the community concerned.
Their criticisms need not arouse unease or provoke charges of disloyalty so long as their basic commitment to the community is not in doubt. It is a matter of degree and could take such forms as a quiet concern for its well-being, deep attachment, affection, and intense love.
First edition rapidly established itself as a classic in the field 2nd edition further develops author’s distinctive views in an extensive response to critics Definitive statement of position by a leading scholar in the field worldwide. In a multicultural society different communities have different needs, and some might be structurally disadvantaged or lack the skill and the confidence to participate in the mainstream society and avail of its opportunities.